President N. Enkhbayar's Official Visit to the United States
President endorses Sister Cities
Based on efforts of citizens of both cities, Mr. Steve Thompson, Mayor of the City of Fairbanks, Alaska, USA and Mr. D. Oyunbat, Chairman, People’s Representatives Council, Erdenet City, Mongolia concluded “Sister City Agreement” and “Memorandum of Understanding” during the Presidential visit to the State of Alaska. The Sister City partnership will allow both cities to promote exchanges in all areas of cooperation, especially in education and culture.
In Fairbanks, Dr. Mark Hamilton, President of University of Alaska System, and Mr. Steve Jones, Chancellor of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks welcomed the President and his delegation and shared their thoughts on possible educational cooperation, more specifically, between the State of Alaska and Mongolia. Following the visit, President visited the Museum of North and met with leaders of native tribes.
With invitation of Senator Lisa Murkowski and Julie Kitka, President of the Alaska Federation of Natives, welcomed the President to their Annual Convention of Alaska Federation of Natives, which was held in the City of Fairbanks. President Enkhbayar congratulated to the participants on their successful convention as well as H.E. Lambaa, Member of Parliament, sung a traditional long song for the participants.
The State of Alaska welcomes Mongolian President
Lieutenant Governor Sean Parnell welcomed the President Enkhbayar and accompanying delegation to the State of Alaska on October 26, 2007. President and Lieutenant Governor expressed their support to develop bilateral relations in all fields of cooperation during their meeting and thanked the Alaska National Guard for playing a crucial role in bridging both military and civilian communities of Mongolia and the State of Alaska.
The Mongolian delegation was briefed by Major General Craig Campbell on Alaska-Mongolia State Partnership Program, which started in September 2003 and becomes a vital instrument to broaden relations between the State of Alaska and Mongolia. The President had frutal discussions with leaders of the Department of Natural Resources, Department of Environmental Conservation, Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation, Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority as well as Congressional mandated rural area development Denali Commission. These discussions offered parties to understand the best practices in developing the mining industry and rural areas at the same time preserving the environment.
President Enkhbayar addressed members of the Alaska World Affairs Council and shares his thoughts on climate changes and its impacts for countries like Mongolia. During the visit President Enkhbayar and Lieutenant Governor Sean Parnell conducted a press conference for the state and local media. One of the highlights of the visit was to present the “Friendship Medal,” which is Mongolia’s highest state award for foreign citizens recognizing their contribution to develop bilateral relations with Mongolia, to Major General Craig Campbell, the Adjutant General of the Alaska National Guard.
During the Presidential visit, Ambassador Bold and Dr. Marcia D. Blaszak, Alaska Regional Director of the United States National Park Service signed “The Statement of Intent between the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park of Mongolia and Denali National Park and Preserve in Alaska, USA,” which will promote Sister Park cooperations between two parks.
Note: The Alaska National Guard established the State Partnership Program with the Mongolian Armed Forces in September, 2003. The State Partnership Program allows the State National Guard to develop bilateral relations with foreign nations in order to assist military reforms, to exchange expertise, and to broaden cooperative efforts in fields of peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. Moreover, the nature of the National Guard (being a citizen soldier), the State Partnership Program helps build relations between civilian organizations in both nations. Since 2003, the Alaskan National Guard hosted (sponsored) Mongolia’s participation in the state emergency and military training, conferences, organized number of subject matter exchange training events in Mongolia, deployed the Alaska National Guardsmen with Mongolian contingent in Iraq, and supported numerous civilian and military exchanges between the State of Alaska and Mongolia.
The Mountain Institute’s 2007 award dinner
On October 25th, The Mountain Institute’s 2007 award dinner took place at Mandarin Oriental Washington, DC.
This year’s award dinner titled as “A celebration of Mountains” gathered many important guests . Nilda Callanauppa from Andean communities , Greg Mortensen , author of 2006 bestseller ‘Three cup of tea” and Steve Rendle , President of “ The North Face “ awarded for their exclusive contribution for the Mountain culture and diversity .
The Embassy of Mongolia has a permanent contact with the TMI and it sponsored this year’s cultural part of the dinner. Mongolian artists performed a traditional dancing and music and Mongolian traditional house – “ ger “ was built inside the building displaying the uniqueness of it s structure. H.E. Ravdan Bold, Ambassador of Mongolia was among Honorary diplomatic host committees .
President N. Enkhbayar visited City of Chicago
On October 25, President Enkhbayar and his accompanying team met with Mr. P.Quinn, Lieutenant Governor of Illinois and Mayor of Chicago Mr. R. Daley in Chicago .
Lt. Governor Quinn welcomed President Enkhbayar and his spouse to Chicago and introduced the latest updates on the state of Illinois. President Enkhbayar said that between Mongolia and Illinois have a plenty of opportunities to develop bilateral trade and economic partnership. Mayor Daley have greeted the President and gave updated information on City of Chicago, its developing industry and business environment.
President Enkhbayar has been invited as a guest speaker to the luncheon, hosted by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. In his “Mongolia and the Future of Northeast Asia: Economics, Politics and Security” speech, the President emphasized the Mongolia’s uniqueness of being at the juncture between Northeast and Central Asia.
President N. Enkhbayar visited the Chicago Tribune, one of the leading newspapers based in Chicago and at his interview touched important issues related to Mongolia-US relations including increase of US trade and investment opportunities in Mongolia, cooperation in the fields of education, cultural exchange.
President Enkhbayar met with representatives of newly created “Mongolian Business association” and local Mongolian community representatives. During the meeting President Enkhbayar awarded “Distinguished Sportsman” medals to Mr. Tsogtjargal, boxer and Mr. Erkhbayar, wrestler, who won bronze medals in World Championships and other high level international competitions respectfully.
In honor of Mongolian President , the “Eurasian Securities” and “3 ART” hosted a V.I.P reception and exhibition of Mongolian arts.
“United world colleges” has a clear vision on Mongolia
A member of board of trustees of the United world colleges , Mr. Malcolm Makkenzie made a courtesy call on the President of Mongolia while he worked in New York and expressed his interest of future cooperation with Mongolia. The UWC have established 12 colleges in different countries which help young people to get modern and world standard college education . President Enkhbayar said that Mongolia as a “ young aged” country will cooperate with all institutions , including the UWC to provide a high quality education to Mongolian youth.
Asia Society welcomes Mongolian President
On October 24th , Dr.Vishakha N. Desai , President of the Asia Society and its Executive Vice President Mr. Jamie Metzl and other distinguished board members of the Asia Society hosted a dinner in honor of the President of Mongolia , H.E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar. President Desai thanked the President Enkhbayar for co-hosting “ The Williamsburg conference -2007 “ in Ulaanbaatar , Mongolia which played an important role to introduce Mongolia to Asia Society and work with Mongolia toward implementing concrete projects in the future. President Enkhbayar said that “ The Asia Society is one of very important institutions introduces and puts a lot of effort for Asai and Asians. Two sides have expressed their readiness to keep continue their cooperation in the years to come .
President Enkhbayar speaks before students and faculty members of the Columbia University in New York
On October 24th , the Columbia University and Weatherhead East Asia institute welcomed the President Enkhbayar to speak at the Davis auditorium of the Columbia University. Professor M. Cohen , Director of the Weatherhead East Asia institute said that Mongolia’s experience in post communist era will play an important role and example to many countries not only in the region , but in the world . President Enkhbayar introduced Mongolia’s foreign policy toward spreading democracy in Asia , implementing simultaneous transition in political and economic sectors , foreign investment environment and education of Mongolian youth. There were over 150 participants attended the lecture .
Mongolia Commits to One Laptop per Child
Mongolia to launch pilot project with 20,000 XO laptops in early 2008
New York City, Oct. 24, 2007 -- President Nambaryn Enkhbayar of Mongolia announced today his commitment to provide every child in his nation with a connected laptop by the end of 2010.
As a first step toward making this a reality Professor Nicholas Negroponte, founding chairman of the non-profit association, One Laptop per Child (OLPC), and Mr. Nyamaa Enkhbold, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mongolia, agreed to launch the OLPC initiative in Mongolia as early as January 2008 and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) thereof in the presence of President Enkhbayar.
In January, Mongolia and OLPC plan to launch a pilot project providing 20,000 units of the acclaimed XO laptops, to children ages 6 to 12 in the most remote parts of the country, as well as in the capital Ulaanbaatar. The XO laptop was specifically developed with its target users in mind, it is rugged, with an adaptive display, strong telecommunication capabilities, and sufficiently low powered that it can be hand cranked. So innovative, the New York Times described it as “absolutely amazing.”
This initiative will address the particularly challenging aspects of low density and nomadic populations, for whom Internet access and digital learning have been nearly impossible. Primarily an education project, not a laptop project, OLPC is aimed at improving children’s skills by providing them a means to learning (and playing) inside and outside of school.
Commenting on the OLPC initiative, Mongolian President Nambaryn Enkhbayar said, “We are delighted to be working with One Laptop per Child to enable children’s access to education throughout Mongolia. We believe that providing children with such an innovative tool for learning and self-expression will ultimately have a significant impact on the future progress of the country.”
Nicholas Negroponte, founder of One Laptop per Child, said, “Designed for harsh remote and rural environments, the XO laptop is perfectly suited to the dispersed and nomadic population of Mongolia. We look forward to working with Mongolia as the country takes important steps to empower future generations through education.”
The realization of this project in Mongolia comes through the ongoing support of Mr. John L. Thornton, and builds upon the work of two MIT students, Enkhmunkh Zurgaanjin and Jan Jungclaus, who spent the summer of 2007 in Mongolia promoting the concept and spreading the word.
Beginning on the 12th of November OLPC will launch a two-week Give 1 Get 1 program in the United States and Canada. During this time individuals can buy two XO’s for a total of $399, one for themselves and the other to be donated to a child in a country like Mongolia.
Lap top-based education will be introduced to Mongolia
Among several important summits President Enkhabayar has taken while he worked in New York was meeting with the President of the “ One lap top per child “ Inc., Mr. Nicolas Negraponte. “ The XO-1 lap top based program is a robust , inexpensive ( $100 per lap top ) and children friendly lap top intended to be distributed to children around the world “ says Mr.Negraponte. The project survey has been done in Mongolia last summer and outcomes were excellent said project counsel Enkhmunkh Zurgaanjin . President Enkhbayar expressed his full support for the implementation of the project which helps Mongolian kids to learn modern technology and be active users of computer. Two sides have signed a Memorandum of understanding which concludes that the project will start by January 1st , 2008. Find more on the press release.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki Mun welcomes the President Enkhbayar in NY
On October 24th, The UN Secretary General Mr.Ban Ki Mun greeted Mongolian President at his office in New York. The Secretary General thanked the Government of Mongolia for its invaluable contribution toward democracy and peace keeping around the world. He also thanked Mongolia for hosting UN co-sponsored international conference on trade issues in 2008 in Ulaanbaatar , Mongolia . President Enkhbayar expressed his readiness to keep continuing to collaborate with UN and its organizations not only to focus on Mongolia projects, but also on international arena. President also noted that Mongolia is proud been an active part of the UN peace keepers .
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce hosts the President of Mongolia
On October 23rd , the leaders of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and prominent member company representatives have hosted the lunch in honor of the President of Mongolia. Mr. David C. Chavern , Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer welcomed the President Enkhbayar and two sides have exchanged latest updates of business and foreign investment environment in Mongolia . President Enkhbayar noted that , there are plenty of opportunities to establish a good ties between Mongolian and U.S. companies and Mongolia is succeeding in criteria “ start business” in the world rating. The President of Mongolian national chamber of commerce , Mr. S. Demberel was present at the lunch.
President Enkhbayar meets with key Secretaries of the U.S Administration for commerce , finance and labor
During his visit President Enkhbayar met with Secretaries of Labor Mrs.E.Chao , Commerce C. Guttierez and Treasure H. Paulson. Important issues were discussed during these meetings including a possible establishment of Free trade agreement between Mongolia and the USA , Mongolian labor power export to the U.S. and bilateral cooperation in the fields of banking , money policy. Mongolian Foreign and Finance ministers , Members of Parliament and key officials from U.S. different Departments were present at the meeting and have exchanged their views on broad issue
President Enkhbayar addresses at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC
Mongolia’s Foreign Policy: Efforts Towards Regional Peace and Security
President John Hamre,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is a great pleasure and honor to address this audience of distinguished scholars at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, which is, in no doubt, one of the world-renowned institutions in international affairs. I would like to thank President John Hamre and his colleagues for inviting me to speak about Mongolia’s foreign policy, in particular, its efforts towards regional peace and security.
Geographically, Mongolia has a unique position. It is a landlocked developing country sandwiched between two powerful nations of the world – China and Russia. If one asks where China and Russia geographically belongs to respectively, almost all would respond that China to Asia and Russia to Europe. So then where does Mongolia belong to geographically? Some say to Northeast Asia, others – to Central Asia. But we believe that we belong to both regions despite the fact that Northeast Asia and Central Asia are two very different regions in many respects. Not only external environment but also nation building processes, development experiences, trade and investment potentials, and faith practices are different in each of these two regions.
Mongolia’s two neighbors bilateral relationship is crucially important for security and stability in both Northeast Asia and Central Asia. Due to its strategic positioning Mongolia develops balanced relationships with these two powers.
Mongolia’s foreign policy concept
The geographic location has a vital impact on the entire spectrum of Mongolia’s foreign policy.
During the “Cold War” period Mongolia was closely attached to the ‘communist block’ led by the former Soviet Union. Mongolia was isolated as a “Soviet satellite”. I was told by Ambassador Holbrook that when he was working as an Assistant Secretary of the State Department in the late 70s he approached a Mongolian Ambassador to the UN to officially express the US interest in establishing diplomatic relations with Mongolia. However and not surprisingly after a while Mongolian Ambassador told Ambassador Holbrook that Mongolia was not interested in having diplomatic relations with the US. I am saying ‘not surprisingly’ because it was clear that the former Soviet Union was behind that Mongolia’s decline and in fact it was the former Soviet Union that was not interested in Mongolia’s diplomatic relations with the US. Thus, Mongolia being dependant only on one superpower was an isolated country.
At the end of the “Cold War”, Mongolia faced a multiple challenges including re-formulation of its foreign policy. Political and economic reforms along with the opening up of Mongolian society to the outside world have necessitated a new foreign policy concept. The disintegration of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the communist block were important factors which led to the development and formulation of such a concept. Thus, the State Great Khural, i.e. the Parliament of Mongolia, adopted a new foreign policy concept in 1994.
The essence of this concept is that Mongolia pursues independent, non-aligned, multi-pillar and open foreign policy guided by its national interests. And the 1992 New Constitution of Mongolia stipulated: “… Mongolia shall adhere to the universally recognized norms and principles of international law and pursue a peaceful foreign policy”.
Given the historical, geographical and economic factors, Mongolia’s foreign policy concept sets very high priority on the balanced relationships with China and Russia. Today we maintain a strategic partnership with Russia and partnership of good neighborly friendship and cooperation with China.
On the other hand multi-pillar foreign policy concept of Mongolia also could be easily explained by the so-called “third neighbor” policy. In simple words it means that Mongolia will no longer be dependant only on one neighbor but rather on as many countries and international institutions as possible. By this notion we mean a whole community of developed countries in East and West, including first of all the US, international organizations and other stakeholders which support our democratic nation building and development.
Mongolia’s policy towards Northeast Asia
The security landscape in Northeast Asia is still in flux. No one can undermine its strategic importance. Northeast Asia is the only region which lacks formal regional set-up for security cooperation. Many view that the ‘cold war’ rhetoric is still in place in this region. There are also a number of contentious issues in Northeast Asia. A nuclear issue of the Korean Peninsula has been on top for quite a few years. Mongolia stands firm by its policy of active engagement of the DPRK in dialogues and negotiations and remains against isolating North Korea on international arena. We also stand for a nuclear-weapon-free Korean Peninsula and always advocate the resolution of the Korean Peninsula’s nuclear issue by peaceful means.
The fact that Northeast Asia has no multilateral framework for managing disputes has led Mongolia to consistently call for setting up a multilateral security cooperation mechanism in the region. We think that a forum of permanent intergovernmental regional security dialogue would open up the avenues for better interaction between the countries of the region. While such mechanism has not yet been institutionalized in Northeast Asia, a number of multilateral efforts are already in place, such as the Six-Party Talks.
A major breakthrough to achieve diplomatic solution to the long-standing stalemate over the DPRK nuclear issue was made at the last Six-Party Talks in October this year. Mongolia, a country with an internationally recognized nuclear-weapon-free status, welcomes this positive outcome of the Six-Party Talks. The recent summit between North and South Korean leaders also gives good prospects for their bilateral relationship.
As its modest contribution towards advancing the Six-Party Talks, Mongolia hosted a bilateral working group session on the normalization of relations between Japan and the DPRK from 4 to 5 September this year. Furthermore, we stand ready to continue such efforts in the future, particularly hosting a meeting of working group of Northeast Asian peace and security mechanism.
The Northeast Asian countries discuss multilateral cooperation efforts, possibilities of setting up of regional arrangements, as well as ways and means of the establishment of regional security cooperation machinery. There are reasonable ideas as to make Six-Party Talks into future bedrock of the North East Asia security cooperation mechanism. Mongolia wants to be an active member in such mechanism.
Northeast Asia is a home to vast potentials and opportunities in the world. The combined economic weight of China, Japan, South Korea and Russia is could be very impressive. If technological capacity, financial, human and natural resources of the countries in the region are brought together for the development of the region the Northeast Asia would be one of the most powerful economic regions in the world.
Mongolia has strong interests to become a land linkage between dynamically developing regions of Northeast Asia and Central Asia and further to connect Euro-Asian markets by land.
As an initiative at sub-regional level, I wish to highlight the Transit Traffic Framework Agreement that Mongolia is negotiating with our two neighbors - the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China since 2000. As emerging opportunities for interregional trade create a demand for new and expanded routes in trade, landlocked countries like Mongolia could turn into “land-linking” countries by providing important transit opportunities to their neighbors.
Mongolia’s policy towards Central Asia
Mongolia was among the first countries to recognize and establish diplomatic relations with the countries of Central Asia after the collapse of the USSR. While promoting bilateral relations with these countries, Mongolia endeavors to participate in regional political and economic cooperation. Mongolia is a member of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia /CICA/, whose mission is to strengthen the atmosphere of peace, confidence, and friendship on the Asian continent in order to promote regional security.
Mongolia has been closely following the evolution and development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization since its inception, and became the first observer of the organization in 2004. Mongolia’s interest in the organization increased as the SCO aims at promoting diversified cooperation in broad fields, including economy and trade, energy, transportation, and environmental protection. Therefore, we are interested in expanding our participation in the activities of the organization as an observer, especially in such areas as economy, trade and energy, transit transportation. We are interested in being a part in major regional projects.
In 1992 Mongolia with a view to ensure its national security through political and diplomatic efforts and promote regional stability, declared its territory free from nuclear weapons. In order to institutionalize that status at the national level, our Parliament adopted in 2000 the Law of Mongolia on its nuclear-weapon-free status. In 2000, the P5 jointly issued a Statement on security assurances in connection with Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free status.
We are currently engaged in institutionalizing our NWFS at the international status. Continued references to our nuclear-weapon-free status in both bilateral and multilateral international instruments serve as a tangible indication of its growing international recognition. Such countries as Russia, USA, China, Republic of Korea, Kazakhstan, Thailand and India have repeatedly expressed support for our nuclear-weapon-free status through the relevant joint declarations and statements. Support for Mongolia’s NWFS has also been reflected in the outcome documents of many multilateral groupings, including Non-Aligned Movement, ASEAN Regional Forum, and Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Mongolia is also working to conclude a treaty on its NWFS with its two neighbors.
Mongolia’s Participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations
Mongolia gives a priority to preventive diplomacy measures and supports United Nations peacekeeping operations. Today Mongolians serve as military observers in the United Nations peacekeeping operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Western Sahara and Sudan. We also organized a number of times regional peacekeeping operations field training exercises in cooperation with other countries, including the USA. We contributed some hundreds of personnel of Military Guard Force for Special Court in Sierra Leone.
With a view to increasing its contribution to peacekeeping operations, Mongolia is now working on modifying the Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Contributions to the United Nations Standby Arrangements. We envisage that Standby arrangements with the United Nations would reach the third-Rapid Deployment Level. We also pursue a goal to contribute political observers and police officers to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
Commitment to Fight Terrorism
Mongolia has been contributing to international anti-terrorist actions. Mongolia is a party to 12 universal international legal instruments and conventions against terrorism. We attach an importance to the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolutions related to counter terrorism.
Since August 2003 Mongolia has sent 8 rotation teams of about 1000 troops to Iraq to participate in postwar multinational peacekeeping, humanitarian and reconstruction efforts in Iraq. Mongolia also sends its military trainers’ team as part of our contribution to “The Program for Strengthening Afghan National Army”.
Summing up I would to remind you once more that Mongolia’s foreign policy concept was influenced by the following factors and necessities:
-Geographically Mongolia has got only two big neighbors and it should keep friendly relations with both of them.
-Mongolia is also a part of both Northeast Asia and Central Asia, and it should develop friendly relations with the countries of both regions.
-Lesson from the past: Being too much dependant only on one country or limited number of countries will make Mongolia isolated. And the isolation of the country will put at risk the independence of the country and its development, since isolation leads towards being passive, irresponsible and slow. Isolation brings the necessity to rely on the power of weapons in solving disputes and difficult issues.
-Multi-pillar foreign policy concept is the outcome of our aspirations not to be isolated, but to be open, and it brings about the necessity to develop ‘neighborly’ relations with such important players at the international arena as the US, Europe, Japan, India, the UN and others, thus securing the independence of the country.
-Mongolia considers that being open and pursuing the multi-pillar foreign policy will inevitably demand from us to be active and responsible. Furthermore open countries tend to rely on power of negotiations. Therefore Mongolia tries to be active in developing cooperation with foreign countries and international institutions, to be responsible partner in common good deeds like fight against terrorism, and to engage countries in negotiations in solving out difficult issues.
President Enkhbayar visits the Capitol Hill
The President of Mongolia met with the Senate majority and minority leaders ( H. Reid , M. McConnel ) and several ranking Senators , including L. Murkowski , C.Hagel , R.Lugar during his visit to D.C. and expressed his appreciation for the U.S Senate’s support to Mongolia from the beginning of democratic transition started early 1990’s .
President Enkhbayar thanked the Senator Murkowski , R. Lugar and J. Biden for their invaluable contribution to the friendship and cooperation between the two countries presenting the Senate resolution congratulating the both nation for the 20th anniversary of diplomatic establishment. U.S. Senators expressed their confidence that Mongolia will keep continuing create free and modern society based on democratic values and principles.
President Enkhbayar also met with representatives of the U.S –Mongolia friendship group within the House of representatives led by the Congressman J. Pitts from Pennsylvania. The co-chairman of this group , Congressman Pitts noted that bilateral parliamentary ties between the two countries more important in order to achieve mutual understanding and human –to-human relationships. Congressmen D. Dreier , D. Payne , P. English , J. Moran and others have expressed their satisfaction with current level of bilateral relations , particularly , in the legislative branches.
President Enkhabyar said that Mongolia as a young democracy needs a lot of things to learn and adopt from the U.S. Congress and uttered his appreciation to the House Democracy assistance Commission for its invaluable support including Mongolia to its project eligible countries and has provided several visits of parliamentarians of both countries to Mongolia and the U.S.
By the Mongolian President’s decree the Congressman J. Pitts has been awarded the
“ Polar star “ medal , highest honor for foreign officials and using the occasion President Enkhbayar decorated the Congressman the medal .
Historic documents have been signed at the Treaty Room of
the State Department
October 23, 2007
Today , Mr. Nyamaa Enkhbold , Foreign Minister of Mongolia and Mr. John D. Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State have signed significant two documents demonstrating United States-Mongolia bilateral relationship as a strong partnership based on common values and an another important Memorandum of Understanding has been signed by Minister of Finance of Mongolia , Mr. Nadmid Bayartsaiakhn and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Mr. Clay Sell.
The signing ceremony took place at the Treaty room of the State Department in the presence of H.E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar , President of Mongolia following agreements have been established.
“DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES FOR CLOSER COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND MONGOLIA” , guide to bilateral relationship between two countries and “AGREEMENT CONCERNING COOPERATION TO SUPPRESS THE PROFILIRATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION , THEIR DELIVERY SYSTEMS, AND RELATED MATERIALS BY SEA” which expands bilateral cooperation to protect against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the possibility that terrorists might acquire these dangerous weapons and Foreign Minister Enkhbold said “ It's very important when nations, small and big, combine their efforts, synergize their efforts; the result is always better than when it's done by one side “. Deputy Secretary Negraponte said “ This Declaration should help make the next 20 years of relations strong, vibrant and mutually beneficial and the Proliferation Security Initiative is a global effort of likeminded states joining together in partnership to stop shipments of weapons of mass destruction”. Mongolian Finance Minister Bayartsaikhan and Deputy Secretary Sell have signed “MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING CONCERNING COOPERATION TO PREVENT THE ILLICIT TRAFFICKING IN NUCLEAR AND OTHER RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell noted “ We have a very important second line of defense: to improve border crossing monitoring and improve our monitoring capabilities at key airports in transit countries around the world. This is a very significant effort on the part of our government. We have had relationships with 30 different countries and we've put in place monitoring equipment at over 160 sites “.
”MCC and Mongolia: Investing in People and Economic Prosperity”.
On October 23, 2007, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (www.mcc.gov) held an outreach event ”MCC and Mongolia: Investing in People and Economic Prosperity”. The MCC CEO Mr.Danilovich addressed 140 participants who were Mongolian and American private and government sector representatives. Minister of Trade and Industry of Mongolia Mr.Davaadorj addressed on trade and investment opportunities in Mongolia as well as impact of MCC funding in Mongolia and answered questions from the audience. MCC believes that the Compact will have significant impacts on individuals living in poverty, and significant ancillary benefits by creating new economic opportunities and increasing the capacity of individuals and groups to participate fully in, and benefit from, the country’s economic growth. The Railway project and Health project, for instance, are expected to have economy-wide impact. In addition, the Health, vocational education and Property rights projects are expected to reach over 1.5 million direct beneficiaries.
MCC- Mongolia Compact Agreement signed
The Millennium Challenge Corporation today signed a five-year, nearly $285 million, foreign assistance package with Mongolia designed to reduce poverty by stimulating economic growth. The ceremony took place in the White House’s Roosevelt Room and was the agreement was signed by President George W. Bush and President Nambaryn Enkhbayar of Mongolia.
“The Millennium Challenge Account is an important part of our foreign policy. It's an opportunity for the United States and our taxpayers to help countries that fight corruption, that support market-based economies, and that invest in the health and education of their people,” President Bush said before signing the Compact. “The Millennium Challenge Compact encourages countries to make a firm commitment to basic principles, principles that mean the government will listen to their people and respond to the needs of the people.”
“Mongolia has worked with MCC to develop a strong program that will reduce poverty in a meaningful and sustained way,” Ambassador John Danilovich, MCC’s CEO said. “The goal is to increase economic opportunities for the poorest Mongolians and our $285 million Compact will do exactly that by focusing on transportation, property rights, education and health.”
Mongolian President Enkhbayar said “Approval of the MCC Compact agreement with Mongolia by its Board of Directors was one of the most significant events of Mongolia’s foreign affairs of this year. All Mongolian people are excited about the signing of the agreement and its subsequent implementation”
MCC’s Compact with Mongolia will invest in improving the efficiency and capacity of the country’s critical rail system, the backbone of Mongolia’s economy. MCC is also working with Mongolia to improve the ability of Mongolians to register and obtain clear title to their land, reform the vocational education system to meet the demands of the market, and improve the health and well-being of the labor force by reducing non-communicable diseases and injuries.
“Mongolia also appreciates and upholds the principle of aid with accountability and ownership advocated by the government of the United States,” President Enkhbayar said at the Compact’s signing.
“I congratulate the incredible efforts of the government and the people of Mongolia who have worked with diligence and determination to reach this point, and look forward to building on this dynamic partnership as we move ahead to implement our agreement,” Ambassador Danilovich said.
MCC now has signed 15 Compacts with partner countries, totaling nearly $4.9 billion, in Africa, Central America, Eurasia and the Pacific.
For more information about MCC or the Compact with the Government of Mongolia, please visit www.mcc.gov
Universities agreed to combine their effort
During the visit Dr.S.Tomor-Ochir, Deputy Minister for Education, Culture and Sciences of Mongolia and Dr. Scott L.Gardner, Harold W.Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln signed the Agreement to work jointly on The Mongolian Vertebrate Parasite Projict. This agreement of multilateral effort is opening an remarkable opportunity for experts from the National University of Mongolia, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Hokkaido University, the University of New Mexico, Portland State University and the University of Kansas to study the biodiversity, relationships and ecology of small mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, provide training for students in conducting biodiversity assessments and vertebrate/parasite systematics, taxonomy, and ecology, provide field eqipment and material for NUM Zoology Department and Musuem for undertaking research and education
Washington Times illustrates Mongolia during the President Enkhbayar’s visit to Washington D.C.
The “ Washington Times “ introduced the second special Report on Mongolia in connection with a visit of the President of Mongolia , H.E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar to Washington D.C. The report coverage includes more information on U.S.- Mongolia relations , President Bush’s visit to Mongolia in 2005 , many quotes and opinions of politics. In this edition , one of Mongolia’s leading economies , cashmere industry is broadly introduced to American readers. Read more “ Mongolia : Bush welcomes President Enkhbayar of Mongolia “ at www.washingtontimes.com
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES FOR CLOSER COOPERATION
BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND MONGOLIA
The Government of Mongolia and the Government of the United States of America (hereafter known respectively as Mongolia and the United States),
Reaffirming the longstanding friendship and excellent relations between Mongolia and the United States based on shared values and common interests;
Believing that expansion and development of the friendly relations and cooperation between Mongolia and the United States will be in full accord with their interests and will facilitate peace, stability, freedom, democracy and prosperity in the region;
Desiring to promote their mutual economic prosperity and security through broad-based, sustainable economic growth, open markets, trade and investment;
Reaffirming their commitment to fight terrorism, which undermines international peace and security, and to advance the effectiveness of international peace support efforts around the world;
Wishing to expand and develop relations and cooperation in all aspects of political, economic, cultural, humanitarian and other fields within the framework of a strong bilateral partnership; and
Referring to the statement of the Presidents of the two states "to determine guiding principles and expand the scope of comprehensive partnership between the two democracies based on shared values and common strategic interests" in the Joint Statement of 21 November 2005,
Have reached the following understanding:
Principles of Cooperation
This Partnership intends broad cooperation based on the following shared principles and beliefs:
1. Strong democracies, characterized by their commitment to democratic values like human rights, rule of law and transparency, and robust market economies led by a vibrant private sector, make the best partners;
2. Building a strong trading relationship is important to the expansion of bilateral relations, and measures that provide for an open investment environment and reduce and eliminate barriers in trade and investment are key to this process;
3. Participation in bilateral and multilateral security and stability activities is a key to the interoperability of personnel and equipment in global peace-keeping operations and in the successful delivery of humanitarian assistance and the conduct of disaster relief operations;
4. Improving the terms and conditions for their citizens to travel to and engage in business and study in the territory of the other side and active and productive dialogue on security and cooperation, as well as discussion of visa requirements, are important to the strengthening of the close ties between the peoples of the two countries.
5. Cooperation between like-minded countries at the bilateral, regional and global levels is critical to combating terrorism, transnational crime, the spread of disease, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;
6. Building national-level capacity and partnerships between government, civil society, and the private sector that protect the environment, promote education and protect cultural heritage should lead to healthy, safe and sustainable development;
7. A comprehensive, equal partnership between Mongolia and the United States, based on the common interests in promoting peace, justice and prosperity is of benefit to both nations and to the region; and
8. The Governments Mongolia and of the United States should periodically exchange, at various levels, their views in order to expand their bilateral relations and cooperation on issues of mutual interest and concern.
Based on these principles, the two governments reiterate their commitment to long term cooperation, in accordance with their mutual interests, in political, economic, trade, investment, educational, cultural, arts, scientific and technological, environmental, health, defense, security, humanitarian and other fields. Examples of such cooperation include but are not limited to: support by the United States for Mongolia's efforts to strengthen the institutions and values of democratic society; pursuit of measures to reduce and eliminate barriers in trade and investment; joint efforts – including through training, exercises, visits, and information exchange -- to enhance Mongolia's capacity in peace-keeping, the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the conduct of disaster relief operations; and joint work to combat organized and transnational crimes and human trafficking, illegal trade of drugs, counterfeiting of currencies, money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Signed in Washington this 22nd day of October, 2007, in duplicate, in Mongolian and the English languages.
“The Nature conservancy“ announces launch of Conservation Program in Mongolia and hosts a reception in honor of Mongolian President.
Ms. Stephanie Meeks, CEO of “The Nature Conservancy “announced the TNC’s decision to starts its Conservation program in Mongolia. “ The Government of Mongolia and the Conservancy will work to secure a sustainable future for the Eastern Steppe of Mongolia’s grasslands, the largest intact grassland in the world, integrating economic and social issues with conservation” said Ms. S. Meeks in the presence of H.E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar , President of Mongolia during the press event held at the Embassy. TNC started its survey in 2002 by the request of the Prime Minister N.Enkhbayar at that time. President Enkhbayar said that environment should be preserved not only for one or several nations but for the earth one piece . He expressed his appreciation to the TNC and hopes that the joint efforts will bring an excellent outcomes. TNC has hosted a reception in honor of the President of Mongolia during which American environmentalists have met with Mongolian delegation expressing their readiness to cooperate in the future. TNC opens its permanent office in Mongolia in December. The Nature Conservancy is a leading conservation organization working around the world to protect ecologically important lands and waters for nature and people. Find more on the Web at www.nature.org.
The “ Dinosaurs alive “ IMAX movie premiered at the Natural history museum.
President Enkhbayar attended the premiere of newly made IMAX movie – “ Dinosaurs alive “ made partly in Mongolia recent years launched at the Museum of Natural history. This movie features the earliest dinosaurs of the Triassic Period to the monsters of the Cretaceous "reincarnated" life-sized for the giant IMAX® screen. Dr.Cristián Samper, Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian, Dr. Hans-Dieter Sues , Associate Director for
Research & Collections and Dr. J. Daniel Rogers , Director of Department of Anthropology have greeted the President and gave updated information on U.S.-Mongolia joint projects.
President’s interview on “ Voice of America “ and “ Washington times “
President Enkhbayar visited the “ Voice of America” , one of the U.S. leading radio stations based in D.C. Mr. Joseph O’Connell , Director for public relations met the President and escorted him to the studio. During the interview , President Ekhbayar told American audience how Mongolia is achieving democratic values and principles , most importantly , freedom of speeches and how Mongolia became a kind of model for young democracy in the North East Asia. The “ Voice of America “ has not launched its permanent program in Mongolia yet . But , VoA sees a great opportunity to start its permanent program in Mongolia in the years to come.
At the same day the President Enkhbayar met with representatives of “ Washington Times “ . At his interview , President Enkhbayar has touched important issues related to Mongolia- U.S relations including increase of US trade and investment opportunities in Mongolia, Free trade agreement , Cooperation in the fields of education , cultural exchange. “ WT ” prepared a special report about Mongolia on its October 22nd edition.
( Washington Times , October 22nd , Page 12 )
President Enkhbayar visits the Arlington memorial
As Presidents of foreign nations pay their tribute to the Arlington memorial , President Enkhbayar visited the monument and attended the wreath laying ceremony. He became the second President visited the Memorial and honored those who rest there.
President Enkhbayar meets with the U.S. Vice President
President Enkhbayar met with the U.S. Vice President Richard B. Cheney at the White House. President Enkhbayar and Vice President Cheney had discussion on bilateral issues including regional security , multilateral cooperation , trade and investment opportunities between two countries. President Enkhbayar invited the U.S Vice President to visit Mongolia at a time of his convenience.
THE VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF MONGOLIA TO THE USA.
October 22 , 2007
The President Bush welcomes Mongolian President .
The President of Mongolia H/E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar visits the USA at invitation of the US President G. Bush. Two Presidents met at the White House and have exchanged their sights in broad issues including international and bilateral topics. The President Bush welcomed Mongolian President to the USA . He said that he still remembers the warm hospitality Mongols when he visited Mongolia in 2005. The President Enkhbayar thanked President Bush and quoted a Mongolian proverb that “Hand-in-hand action has to have the trophy “ saying that two nations are inspiring long-lasting, fruitful and mutually beneficial cooperation. The President Bush thanked Mongolia for its your strong support in the war against radicals and extremists and Supporting young democracies in Iraq and Afghanistan. Mr. N. Enkhbold , Foreign minister of Mongolia , Dr. C. Rice , Secretary of State , Mr. N Bayartsaikhan , Minister of finance of Mongolia , Mr. S. Hadley , National security advisor to the U.S. President , Ambassadors R.Bold (Mongolia) , M. Minton (USA ) and other officials were present at the meeting. After their meeting two Presidents signed the Millennium Challenge Account Compact Agreement for $285 million to modernize Mongolian infrastructures , health care , vocational training and property rights . The President Bush said “ the Millennium Challenge Compact encourages countries to make a firm commitment to basic principles, principles that mean the government will listen to their people and respond to the needs of the people “. President Enkhbayar said “ as a partner country of the MCC program , Mongolia has been truly in the driver's seat at every stage of identifying its own development priorities and investment needs and policy directions. This new approach of cooperation is the key to ensuring efficiency and effectiveness of the program. The compact prepared through the broad consultative approach in Mongolia will support our efforts to broaden and deepen the country's economic development, focusing on four key areas”.
The Senate adopts Resolution # 352 celebrating the
20th year anniversary of establishment of diplomatic
relations between the USA and Mongolia
On October 18th , 2007 the 110th US Senate adopted a resolution regarding the 20th anniversary of United States and Mongolia realtions.
This reolution has been introduced by Senator Lisa Murkowski from Alaska and co-sponored by Senators R.Lugar and J.Biden.
Full text of the resolution
Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding the 20th anniversary of United States-Mongolia relations. (Agreed to by Senate)
SRES 352 ATS
S. RES. 352
Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding the 20th anniversary of United States-Mongolia relations.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
October 18, 2007
Ms. MURKOWSKI (for herself, Mr. LUGAR, and Mr. BIDEN) submitted the following resolution; which was considered and agreed to
Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding the 20th anniversary of United States-Mongolia relations.
Whereas the United States established diplomatic relations with the Government of Mongolia in January 1987 and established its first embassy in Ulaanbaatar in June 1988;
Whereas the United States and Mongolia are both fully democratic states committed to the rule of law;
Whereas, in 1991, the United States established normal trade relations with Mongolia and began a Peace Corps program that now boasts approximately 100 volunteers;
Whereas the United States has a continued commitment to Mongolia’s economic and political development and has contributed over $150,000,000 in aid for that purpose since 1991;
Whereas the United States has supported Mongolia’s participation in the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank;
Whereas the United States and Mongolia strengthened their trade relationship through the signing of a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement in 2004 to boost bilateral commercial ties and resolve trade disputes;
Whereas Mongolia continues to work with the United States to combat global terrorism and, since April 2003, has contributed engineers, troops, and medical personnel to Operation Iraqi Freedom and has participated in training National Army artillery units in Afghanistan;
Whereas Mongolia has demonstrated an expanding desire to join the United States in global peacekeeping activities by sending a contingent of 250 soldiers to protect the Special Court for Sierra Leone, a platoon to participate in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) mission in Kosovo, and personnel to serve as United Nations observers in Sudan, Ethiopia, and Eritrea;
Whereas the United States and Mongolia share an interest in promoting peaceful cooperation in south central Asia; and
Whereas Mongolia was named eligible for Millennium Challenge Compact assistance on May 6, 2004, submitted its official proposal on October 13, 2005, and had its proposal approved by the Millennium Challenge Corporation on September 12, 2007: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that--
(1) the strength and endurance of the partnership between the United States and Mongolia should be acknowledged and celebrated;
(2) the United States should encourage continued economic cooperation with Mongolia , including in areas such as mining, construction, information technology, tourism, and meat processing, to the betterment of both our economies;
(3) the United States should continue to work with the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank to improve Mongolia’s economic system;
(4) the United States should provide Mongolia assistance under the Millennium Challenge Compact and work to finalize the compact in a timely fashion; and
(5) the United States should encourage greater academic and cultural exchanges with Mongolia.
The White House announces the meeting between two Presidents
President Bush will welcome President Enkhbayar of Mongolia to the White House on October 22, 2007 for a meeting followed by lunch. The two leaders will review the continuing strong cooperation between the United States and Mongolia on global and regional affairs, including the war on terror, progress in Iraq, trade and economic development.
Official visit of Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President of Mongolia
to the United States
At the invitation of President G.W. Bush, President N.Enkhbayar will make an official visit to the US beginning October 22, 2007. He will hold official talks with the US President at the White House and will exchange views on the issues of bilateral cooperation as well as issues of mutual concern. President G.W. Bush will offer lunch to President N.Enkhbayar and his delegation. The two sides will sign the Milliennium Challenge Account Compact, which will provide for USD 285 million aid package to Mongolia. During his visit to Washington President N.Enkhbayar will meet with Vice President Dick Cheney, Cabinet members as well as the members of the Mongolia Friendship Caucus in the US Congress. Durig the visit the two sides are expected to issue a Joint Declaration and sign a number intergovernmental agreements. In the course of his trip to the US, President N.Enkhbayar will have speaking engagements at various institutions including the Columbia Univesruty, Chicago Council on Global Affairs, Anchorage World Affairs Council, and will meet with senior executives of leading US businesses.
President N. Bagabandi's Visit to the United States
Click on the picture to view the Photo Gallery
- President of Mongolia N.Bagabandi, who is currently in the United States, has visited San-Francisco City.
- President of Mongolia N.Bagabandi, who is paying an official visit to the USA, has given interviews to the Public Radio and the 9th News Channel of the Colorado State and answered questions.
- On July 18, President N.Bagabandi attended a ceremony to officially announce the foundation of a Buddhist monastery, which will be built in Denver, Colorado State with the purpose of providing the worship demand of Mongolian, American and other people.
- The official visit of Mongolian President to the USA is continuing. On July 16, President N.Bagabandi with his spouse A.Oyunbileg and accompanying him delegates laid a wreath at the Tomb for Unknown Soldiers in Arlington Town.
- President of Mongolia Natsagiin Bagabandi reached Washington D.C. on July 14. The President was welcomed by the Mongolian Ambassador to the USA R.Bold and the US Ambassador to Mongolia Pamela Slutsch and the US State Department representatives.
President's Visit in United States - UPDATE 001
President of Mongolia N.Bagabandi, who is currently in the United States , has visited San-Francisco City .
In San-Francisco, President Bagabandi visited Asian Arts Museum of the city and held a meeting with representatives of West Beach Mongolians Associaion founded by Mongolians living in San-Francisco. More than three hundred Mongolians came to this meeting to meet with their President, who gave detailed information current situation in Mongolia .
After the meeting, the President delivered for Mongolians and Americans a lecture "Current Situation in Mongolia and Further Trends".
President's Visit in United States - UPDATE 002
- President of Mongolia N.Bagabandi, who is paying an official visit to the USA, has given interviews to the Public Radio and the 9th News Channel of the Colorado State and answered questions.
A reporter of Colorado State's Public Radio and movie critic H.Movshovich mentioned that a Mongolian documentary ''History of Sweeping Camel'' was shown in Colorado State. The President Bagabandi and H.Movshovich spoke about significance of camels in development of Mongolian agricultural sector, the ways of portraying this animal in folklore and oral literature as well as about the development of Mongolian film art and production.
Also, the 9th Channel's photo reporter C.Sholl mainly was interested in aim and results of the President's visit to Denver City, Colorado State. The President Bagabandi replied that Washington DC, Denver and San-Francisco Cities were included in his visit's schedule. ''I heard that Colorado State is similar to Mongolia in terms of nature and climate. Not less number of Mongolians live in this State. Relations between Mongolia and Colorado have been intensively developed in recent years. Denver and Ulaanbaatar are siblings cities, and many Mongolians live and study in the City''. The President, mentioning that mining production executes an important role in the economic growth of Mongolia, noted that high development of Colorado State's mining sector will be one of the promising sectors of the two countries' further collaboration. ''Although it is to early to talk about the visit`s results, bear in mind that any state top visit always brings good results. Mutual trust and understanding of Mongolia and the USA have been strengthened and number of the two countries people's mutual travels have been extremely increased'', said the President N.Bagabandi. He expressed his hope that bilateral cooperation will be further intensively developed.
- President Bagabandi met with Mongolians, who live and work in Denver City. The very first Mongolians arrived in Denver in 1989. Nowadays, there are more than two thousand Mongolians. At the meeting, N.Bagabandi informed them on results of his visit, development of economy, politics, agriculture, tourism and communication sectors of Mongolia and results of the 2004` Parliament election. At the end of the meeting, the President handed ''garuda'' wrestling title to Mongolian wrestler P.Sukhbat.
- President N.Bagabandi has met administrative officials of the DeVry University of Denver City. At the meeting, the DeVry delegates briefed on the University's system to the President and the sides exchanged views on bilateral cooperation issues. Twenty-eight Mongolian students have been involved in the post-bachelor training of the University, which has branches in 60 cities of 17 US States, in Canada and Mexico. In the course of the meeting, the President Bagabandi expressed his gratitude to Mr. S. Horse, the Director of Keller Management School under the jurisdiction of the DeVry University, for his support to the Scholarship Program for Mongolian students studying in the USA. The President expressed his interest to further increase a number of Mongolian students in the DeVry University. He expressed his gratitude to the DeVry University`s administration for studying Mongolian students and mentioned that the leading trend of Mongolia's economy is the mining sector and then emphasized that technological specialist prepared in the trend are needed for Mongolia in the future. The President advised them to establish ties with similar universities and institutes of Ulaanbaatar, exchange information with Mongolian teachers and professors and implement students' exchange programs. He also mentioned that a difficult problem for Mongolian students is tuition fee and requested to survey on a possibility of alleviating tuition fee and to involve Mongolians in scholarship.
- President Bagabandi with his spouse A. Oyunbileg and accompanying him delegates attended a charity action to collect money for the Art Council of Mongolia. Administrative officials of biggest mining companies running activities in Mongolia including Canadian Ivanhoe Mines, Inclusive Solutions, Santeria Gold and International Uranium participated in the measure. They are major investors of the Art Council.
President's Visit in United States - UPDATE 003
- On July 18, President N.Bagabandi attended a ceremony to officially announce the foundation of a Buddhist monastery, which will be built in Denver, Colorado State with the purpose of providing the worship demand of Mongolian, American and other people. According to an informal report, over two thousand Mongolians live in Denver City. Religious rite demands of Mongolians have been increasing year by year. But there is religious rite services are insufficient.
- President N.Bagabandi reached San Francisco City, California State on July 20 and met San Francisco Mayor G.Newsom. At the meeting, the Mayor introduced about San Francisco and noted that Asian citizens, who occupy one third of the City's population, supported him when was elected as the Mayor since seven months ago.
- President N. Bagabandi visited the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco City of California State on July 20.
- On the same day, President Bagabandi held a meeting with Mongolian citizens, who live in San Francisco and its nearby cities and informed them on current situation of Mongolia. Mongolian President said that Mongolian citizens have recently founded the Union of Mongolians in California State and noted that it is a nice expression of the union of Mongolians living on the Western Coast of the USA. Over 400 Mongolians attended the meeting. They made six requests trended to protect interests of Mongolian citizens to the President. For example; Mongolians living abroad to have right to participate in elections and be elected, solve the dual citizenship issue in the USA by more peculiarity and appoint an Honorary Consul in California State were included in the requests.
- The President gave a lecture entitled ''Northeast Asia and Mongolia are Through the Democracy'' for the 50th anniversary of the Asia Foundation. Over 400 people including Heads of General Consulates of foreign countries in San Francisco, research and NGOs delegates attended the measure.
Under the decree of the President of Mongolia, the Acting President of Asia Foundation M. Fuller has been awarded with the ''Friendship'' medal. Mr. Filler made more contribution to strengthen mutual understanding and trust between Mongolian-American people.
Asia Foundation organized a talk on issues of bilateral relations and cooperation in connection with Mongolian President's visit to San Francisco. At the talk, Mongolian Minister of Foreign Affairs L. Erdenechuluun and the US Ambassador to Mongolia Pamela Slutsch informed on relations between Mongolia and the USA and Mongolia's policy running in regions.
- Mongolian President's official visit to the United States of America was completed on July 21 and he left San Francisco for Mongolia.
President's Visit in United States - UPDATE 004
- The official visit of Mongolian President to the USA is continuing. On July 16, President N.Bagabandi with his spouse A.Oyunbileg and accompanying him delegates laid a wreath at the Tomb for Unknown Soldiers in Arlington Town. Guards of honor were lined up, the national anthems of Mongolia and the USA were played and salutes were fired 21 times during the wreath-laying ceremony.
- President Bagabandi has visited the US National Geographic Society and met with the society's administrative officials. In his speech, the President said that '' ... The National Geographic Society and Mongolia have established ties long ago. I consider that the Society has done great number of things to introduce Mongolia to the whole world. Famous Andrew's expedition discovered wonders of Mongolian gobi and delivered valuable scientific works on the country to the mankind. The anniversary celebration of Andrew's expedition was widely marked by the US Embassy to Mongolia, the Mongolian Academy of Sciences and people, who know and respect him. Materials about Mongolia, published in American journals, are valuable things. Many Mongolians watch American channels. The US National Geographic Society executes more role in educating Mongolian people''. President Bagabandi mentioned that a big exhibition about Mongolia in the Society's exhibition hall will be an important measure, and said that Mongolians will attentively observe all scientific, research and entertainment works of the society. N.Bagabandi noted that Government of Mongolia is ready to render support to the society's scientific and research works, projects, articles and programs regarding Mongolia and then invited the Geographic Society's delegates to visit Mongolia again. The President expressed his interest to exchange information on materials related to Mongolian cultural heritage, kept in the US National Geographic Society, and to further cooperate with the Society. The President requested to send the Society's expedition, experts and journalists to Mongolia and to show new information and facts about the country by the means of its channel, journal and web site.
- Under the decree of the Mongolian President, member of the Director Council of the US ''Mongolian Society'' and Mongolist Alicia Campy has been awarded with the ''Friendship'' Medal of Mongolia. The medal was handed to the Mongolist in the office of Mongolian Embassy in Washington DC. Alicia Campy makes valuable contribution to strengthen mutual understanding of Mongolian-American people and to push forward the two countries` cooperation.
Also, the Resident Representative of Mongolia to the UN, Ch.Baatar was awarded with the Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary Ambassador title and the Defense Attache of Mongolian Embassy to the USA, B. Batzorigt gained the Military Merit's Red Flag Decorations.
- President N.Bagabandi met the State Secretary Collin Powell and exchanged views on issues of relations and cooperation between the two countries.
In the course of the meeting, the President expressed his gratitude to the US State Department, especially to the State Secretary, for paying a special attention to successful organization of his visit and said that it has resulted in opening of a new page in the history of Mongolian-American relations. The President mentioned that the two countries' Presidents agreed to lift Mongolian-American relations up to the full partnership level relaying on the common strategy interests in their joint statement and noted that the agreement will make more push to the activation of bilateral relations. Involvement of Mongolia in the Millennium Challenge Account has supported the development of the Mongolia and encouraged Mongolians, who are making efforts to strengthen the democracy and market economy, said the President. N.Bagabandi underlined the importance of increasing the aid amount being given by the USA to Mongolia, expanding the bilateral trade and investment and making a free trade agreement. He went on to say that Mongolia resolutely supported the US struggle against terrorism and will be further keeping such position. The President mentioned that there are many Mongolians, who have an interest to live and study in the USA, and requested Collin Powell to take American visa issue into his account. N.Bagabandi confirmed an invitation to C.Powell to visit Mongolia.
In turn, C.Powell noted that he supports democracy and innovation process in Mongolia and expressed his thanks to Mongolia for supporting the US initiative and making an agreement within the frame of the 98th provision of the International Criminal Court. The US State Secretary said that he is satisfied with a fact that a selection of projects to be presented to the Millennium Challenge Corporation is being organized with the public participation. C.Powell went on to say that he will survey on an opportunity of increasing the US assistance being rendered to Mongolia, and the USA will attentively observe organization of the newly comprised Mongolian Parliament's action.
- Mongolian President's spouse and First Lady A.Oyunbileg has visited the US Red Cross Society. She met the Society's Vice president Gerald Juuns, Chief of International Development Authority for Disaster Protection, Eddy Chan and Chief of International Policy and Relations Department Brain Mayevskii, and shared opinions with them on issues of cooperation between the two countries' Red Cross Societies. In the course of the meeting, A. Oyunbileg briefed on current state of affairs of the Mongolian Red Cross Society and on action of the Fund for Person, which is led by the First Lady herself. She delivered an invitation to the US Red Cross Society's president to visit Mongolia.
- The First Lady of Mongolia A.Oyunbileg met has met the US First Lady Laura Bush in the White House within the scope of the official visit of the President N.Bagabandi to the USA, being paid at the invitation of the US President G.Bush. At the meeting, A.Oyunbileg expressed her gratitude for involving American volunteers in works in countryside of Mongolia, especially in rendering more support to the educational sector. The First Lady Oyunbileg proposed to Laura Bush to cooperate in providing the vulnerable society children with clothes and stationary for full involving them in schools and rendering support of English textbooks, visual materials and English teachers to Mongolian boys and girls. In turn, Laura Bush replied that the raised questions are interesting and pledged to assist to Mongolian children by textbooks of English language and American history. Laura Bush went on to say that there is a possibility of sending and exchanging English teachers. The meeting was held in the friendly and warn atmosphere.
- A joint statement of Mongolia and the USA has been made. The statement says that the President G.Bush and the President N.Bagabandi have declared a new era of cooperation and comprehensive partnership between their two democratic countries based on shared values and common strategic interests.
They welcomed the progress in implementing the Joint Statement of January 31, 2004, and looked ahead to future consultations and collaboration. The two sides agreed to work towards maintaining regular consultations at all levels. They also expressed satisfaction that the relationship between their two countries continues to grow and strengthen. The President Bagabandi's visit illustrates the important progress we have made in bilateral relationship and in the mutual participation in the larger community of democracies.
The United States welcomed the recent free and fair elections in Mongolia as another manifestation of Mongolia's strong and abiding commitment to democracy.
The President G.Bush expressed the United States' strong support for Mongolia's democratic and economic transition and reforms and welcomed Mongolia's progress toward becoming a mature and stable democracy and a private sector-led free market economy. He congratulated the President N.Bagabandi and the Mongolian people for qualifying for eligibility for the Millennium Challenge Account, a new approach to achieving sustainable economic growth that rewards countries for past performance and provides incentives for continuing dynamic policy reforms. The President G.Bush congratulated the Mongolian people on their commitment to democracy as expressed in their recent elections and noted confidence that the election process would be successfully completed in a free, fair and transparent manner consistent with Mongolia's constitution.
The two Presidents agreed that a democratic, secure, and prosperous Mongolia that promotes friendly relations with its neighbors and is an active participant in regional and international economic, political, and security forums is essential to ensuring peace and stability in Asia. The United States supports Mongolia's efforts to integrate itself into regional and international economic and financial structures.
The Presidents also noted their common support for the permanent, thorough, and transparent dismantlement of nuclear programs on the Korean Peninsula. The United States acknowledges Mongolia's efforts to gain internationally recognized and legally binding nuclear weapon-free status to further enhance confidence-building measures in North East Asia.
The President Bush welcomed Mongolia's commitment to combat international terrorism and applauded Mongolia's participation in the stabilization and reconstruction of Afghanistan and Iraq, including its peacekeeping commitment to the Multinational Force in Iraq. The United States and Mongolia agreed to continue working to advance Mongolia's contribution to international peacekeeping efforts. The President Bush reaffirmed the U.S. willingness to continue bilateral programs of technical assistance consistent with Mongolia's long-term developmental goals. The President Bagabandi expressed Mongolia's deep appreciation to the United States for its long-term support and economic assistance.
The two Presidents agreed that the establishment of a free, democratic Iraq is important to democracy, peace and stability in the Middle East and the United Nations should play a leading role in the process.
The two Presidents agreed to actively promote bilateral trade and investment and noted signing of the United States-Mongolia Trade and Investment Framework Agreement during President Bagabandi's visit. The Presidents expressed the hope that this would lead in due course to a closer bilateral economic and trade relationship.
The two Presidents recognized that a U.S.-Mongolia relationship based on mutual respect and equitable partnership is in the national interest of both countries. They pledged to deepen and strengthen this important relationship and to work together to promote global freedom, peace, democracy and prosperity.
President's Visit in United States - UPDATE 005
- President of Mongolia Natsagiin Bagabandi reached Washington D.C. on July 14. The President was welcomed by the Mongolian Ambassador to the USA R.Bold and the US Ambassador to Mongolia Pamela Slutsch and the US State Department representatives.
- After the welcoming ceremony, President N.Bagabandi visited the American Heritage Fund and made a report on foreign policy, current political and economic situation of Mongolia. In his report, the President said that ''... Partnership with the USA occupies a special position in the foreign policy of Mongolia. Mongolia considers the USA as a strategical partner and adheres an active position and makes new steps for the development of bilateral relations. Common valuable things like democracy and free market economy connect us. Joint struggle against terrorism that worries the whole world confirms our relations and cooperation. Mongolia resolutely rebuked the terrorist attack occurred in the USA on September 11, 2001, and thus joined the Alliance against Terrorism''. The Assistant Secretary of the US State Department James Kelly, former American Ambassadors to Mongolia John Dinger, Josef Lake and current Ambassador Pamela Slutsch attended the measure.
- After it, the President Bagabandi visited the Smithsonian Institution and attended a ceremony to sign a cooperation memorandum between the institutions of Mongolian Academy of Sciences.
- The President gave a speech at a meeting held in the US Congress office in connection with foundation of Mongolian-American Friendship Group at the US Congress. In his speech, N. Bagabandi underlined that as a result of the Mongolian-American Friendship Group's foundation, Mongolia has now a new support at the US Congress and expressed his hope that the Group will execute important roles in delivering information on Mongolia to the US state and administrative officials, to Congress and Senate members.
- President N.Bagabandi met the President George Bush in the Oval Office on Thursday. At the meeting, G.Bush expressed his thanks to President B.Bagavandi for sending peacekeepers to Iraq and helping rebuild Afghanistan. "The United States and Mongolia agreed to continue working to advance Mongolia's contribution to international peacekeeping efforts," said a joint statement by the two nations. The United States also welcomed the recent elections in Mongolia, which is sandwiched between Russia and China, as evidence of the nation's commitment to democracy. Last week, however, Mongolia's new parliament called off its first session after ruling party lawmakers refused to show up because of a dispute over recent elections, in which they lost their majority. The ruling Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (search), which led Mongolia under communism, won only 36 seats in the June 27 election -- a sharp setback for the party that won 72 out of 76 seats in 2000''. G.Bush said he was confident that the election process would be successfully resolved "in a free, fair and transparent manner consistent with Mongolia's constitution." In turn, President Baganbandi noted that participation of Mongolian military troops in reconstruction of Iraq and peacekeeping activity will compact the two countries` relations and is help for the Iraqi people. He mentioned that Mongolia's inclusion in the Millennium Challenge Account initiated by the US President is more significant to speed up the country's development and solve many socio-economic problems. The President said that Mongolia has a request to participate in the World Peace Activity Initiative. President Bagabandi noted that signing the intergovernmental trade and investment agreement of Mongolia and the USA is considered an importance to development of the two countries` trade and economic relations and requested to G.Bush to render support to Mongolia's proposal on free trade agreement making. Also President Bagabandi raised questions on increasing the US investment in Mongolia and number of Mongolian students studying in the country and grant a possibility of employing Mongolians living in the USA in accordance with the proper laws and regulations. N.Bagabandi marked that Mongolia considers the USA as the main strategical partner and underlined the significance of the joint statement of Mongolia and the USA to be made as a result of his visit. He wished a success to G.Bush`s election and invited him to officially visit Mongolia in his favorable time. President G.Bush expressed his support to N.Bagabandi`s requests and received the invitation and said that he has an interest to visit Mongolia. The two Presidents also noted their shared support for dismantling nuclear programs on the Korean Peninsula. The presidents agreed to promote bilateral trade and investment and noted the signing of a trade agreement during President Bagabandi`s visit.
- President N.Bagabandi met the US Exim Bank's First Vice President, Executive Director of the Millennium Challenge Corporation Paul Applegart, Director of the USAID Agency D.Natschios, Director of the Trade and Development Agency Thelma Aoki, Representative of the US State Department and Ambassador Larry Greenwood and delegates of the US government agencies. They exchanged views on relations and cooperation between the two countries and the matters of mutual interests.
At the meeting, President Bagabandi mentioned that considerable number of works have been implemented in Mongolia through the channel of the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) and noted that Mongolia is working to select projects that met the MCA criteria and are needed to the economy of Mongolia.
The President approved a project being carried out in Mongolia through UASAID channel and requested to further continue the project. He made a request to increase aid amount of USAID to be rendered to Mongolia and confirmed an invitation of USAID Director to visit Mongolia.
In the course of the meeting, the Exim Bank representative expressed his interest in financing biggest projects of Mongolia by a way to grant commercial loan.
The two sides expressed their positions on possibilities of expanding the cooperation in economy, trade, tourism, mining, wool and cashmere products` production fields and mutually shared opinions on the matter.
- President N.Bagabandi has received journalists led by the Deputy Editor of the ''Washington Times'' newspaper, Willis Vitter and gave an interview. In his interview, the President expressed his position on his visit, Mongolia's foreign policy and cooperation, international and regional matters and terrorism.
- After it, President Bagabandi met the Chief of ''International Project'' Corporation Mr. Friman and exchanged views on possibilities and conditions of trade and economic collaboration between Mongolia and the USA. Mr. Friman introduced to the President that the Corporation has planned to found a slaughter-house and a hides and skins processing industry in Mongolia next year.
- President Natsagiin Bagabandi has visited the Pentagon and met the Defense Secretary Donald Ramsfield. They shared views on issues of relations and collaboration between the two countries. In the course of the meeting, Mr. D.Ramsfield valued Mongolia's contribution to the struggle against international terrorism and expressed his gratitude for supporting the US action and making a decision to send the third military team to Iraq. Mr. Ramsfield also expressed his satisfaction with development of defense sector's relations of the two countries and informed that the USA will render assistance to increase peacekeeping capacity of Mongolian armed forces. In turn, President Baganbandi expressed his thanks to Mr. Ramsfield for assisting to the military sector of Mongolia. He requested to involve Mongolia in the World Peace Activity, initiated by the US President, train Mongolian military personnel by property of the Fund for Fighting Terrorism and render assistance in preparing an armed forces battalion by the American standard with the intension of increasing the participation capacity in peacekeeping activity.
- The President gave an interview to the ''Voice of America'' Radio and spoke about relations and collaboration between the two countries. After it, the ''Washington Times'' newspapers administrative officials gave a banquet with President Bagbandi and his spouse A. Oyunbileg.